Graflex Pacemaker Crown Graphic
Graflex Graphic cameras were "the" standard American Press cameras from
the late 30s to the 60s. As they are relatively compact and easy to
use, they were also widely used for other than press purposes. They
kept in production until 1973. The tooling was then sold to Toyo.
is a Graflex Pacemaker Crown Graphic 4x5 camera. It was manufactured
between 1947 and 70. It has a fixed horizontal "Graflok'' type
back which accepts standard modern 4x5 film
holders and any modern roll-film backs. The Pacemaker Crown has a body release for the front shutters. The
lens standard offers front rise and shift, a drop bed and it can tilt back. The lensboards are a new design, made of metal.
Century cameras come standard with a coupled rangefinder.
In 1955 the rangefinder changed completely. It became an integral
rangefinder at the top of the camera, even with automatical parallax
correction and a focussing beam for focussing in the dark. The
focussing and parallax are controlled by rangefinder cams for the
different lenses. The framing for the different focals is achieved by
masks in front of the viewfinder. The bed has foldable stops, so
different focal lenghts can be preset. Century Crown cameras with top
rangefinder are common but you have to watch out for them. This is a
top rangefinder model. I have not found a source for the rangefinder
cams, if you could help, please let me know.
camera is 22 x 17 x 10.5 cm including finder, but no grip and weighs
1880 grs. without lens. In comparison to the Speed models, you save
about 600 grs. of weight, 500 for the shutter and 100 for the handle
which is a lot. There is no grip on my camera, as I use it with an
Instax back. The grip would interfere with the hadle of the back. More
information on the Instax back is here.
Case closed, from all sides without handle and without fixation for the old bulb flash.
Camera with grip...
...and fixation for the old bulb flash.
Open, with its original 150mm lens.
a 90mm wide angle lens Super Angulon lens.
With a 180mm Fujinon which is a wide angle for a larger format, but can be used for portraits on the Crown.
The bellows move out to 180mm.
a very nice camera, easy to use. The top rangefinder is a big
improvement in my eyes, as is the focussing beam for dark surroundings.
The camera deals well with wide angles. 65mm are no problem, it's said
to work even with 47mm. I have to tested this yet. The Crown is a
versatile workhorse for 4x5 format. Set up with one lens and two
Grafmatic backs, it's just 6 pounds, even less if you trust your
rangefinder and get rid of the screen.
would love the return 4x5 Polaroid or Fuji Instant film. That would be
instant fun. Meanwhile I console myself with Fuji Wide material. More information on the Instax back is here.